8x12 Digital Print
8x12 Digital Art Print
10x10 Photo Print
This lady has one of my favorite etsy shops. She’s always adding something new, so I try to reblog her posts to help her get some views/purchases. I figure it’s good karma right?
I title this post “Please to Esplain!” AKA somebody please provide me with an explanation as to why any of these exist!!!! That child looks legitimately terrified!
By William Sawalich
NASA isn’t the only game in town when it comes to amazing images from outer space. Don’t forget about the European Space Agency, which has a pretty amazing archive of its own (there’s a link below). The blog awkwardly titled but always interesting blog, "But Does It Float" has curated an awesome gallery not just of any old images from space, but of our amazingly beautiful earth. These images are often abstract, and always interesting, including views of everything from Africa’s Namib desert to the geometric abstraction of Peru’s Andes foothills. It’s a beautiful, colorful, fascinating collection—exactly what I want to see our space explorers working hard to bring back to us here on earth.
Photographs of Earth from the ESA Archive
Title: Walt Whitman
Fuck off Brian Wang, AP wrote this first, AND a million times better/less offensive. Ever think about maybe changing careers?
WASHINGTON (AP) — Being short on cash may make you a bit slower in the brain, a new study suggests.
People worrying about having enough money to pay their bills tend to lose temporarily the equivalent of 13 IQ points, scientists found when they gave intelligence tests to shoppers at a New Jersey mall and farmers in India.
The idea is that financial stress monopolizes thinking, making other calculations slower and more difficult, sort of like the effects of going without sleep for a night.
And this money-and-brain crunch applies, albeit to a smaller degree, to about 100 million Americans who face financial squeezes, say the team of economists and psychologists who wrote the study published in Friday’s issue of the journal Science.
"Our paper isn’t about poverty. It’s about people struggling to make ends meet," said Sendhil Mullainathan, a Harvard economist and study co-author. "When we think about people who are financially stressed, we think they are short on money, but the truth is they are also short on cognitive capacity."
If you are always thinking about overdue bills, a mortgage or rent, or college loans, it takes away from your focus on other things. So being late on loans could end up costing you both interest points and IQ points, Mullainathan said.
The study used tests that studied various aspects of thinking including a traditional IQ test, getting the 13 IQ point drop, said study co-author Jiaying Zhao, a professor of psychology and sustainability at the University of British Columbia.
The scientists looked at the effects of finances on the brain both in the lab and in the field. In controlled lab-like conditions, they had about 400 shoppers at Quaker Bridge Mall in central New Jersey consider certain financial scenarios and tested their brain power. Then they looked at real life in the fields of India, where farmers only get paid once a year. Before the harvest, they take out loans and pawn goods. After they sell their harvest, they are flush with cash.
Mullainathan and colleagues tested the same 464 farmers before and after the harvest and their IQ scores improved by 25 percent when their wallets fattened.
"It’s a very powerful effect," said study co-author Eldar Shafir, a Princeton University psychology professor. "When you are dealing with budgetary finances, it does intrude on your thinking. It’s at the top of your mind."
In the New Jersey part of the study, the scientists tested about 400 shoppers, presenting them with scenarios that involved a large and a small car repair bill. Those with family incomes of about $20,000 scored about the same as those with $70,000 incomes on IQ tests when the car bill was small. But when the poorer people had to think about facing a whopping repair bill, their IQ scores were 40 percent lower.
Education differences can’t be a major factor because the poor only scored worse when they were faced with big bills, Safir said. The more educated rich may have learned to divide their attention, but that wouldn’t be a significant factor, he said.
The study’s authors and others say the results contradict long-standing conservative economic social and political theory that say it is individuals — not circumstances — that are the primary problem with poverty. In the case of India, it was the same people before and after, so it can’t be the person’s fault.
"For a long time we’ve been blaming the poor for their own failings," Zhao said. "We’re arguing something very different."
Poverty researcher Kathryn Edin of Harvard, who wasn’t part of the study, said the research “is a big deal that solves a critical puzzle in poverty research.”
She said poor people often have the same mainstream values about marriage and two-parent families as everyone else, but they don’t seem to act that way. This shows that it’s not their values but the situation that impairs their decision-making, she said.
Journal Science: http://www.sciencemag.org
Now, for some less depressing posts…
My feet hate to be cooped up in shoes. I wear my sandals until there’s snow on the ground, and maybe even a few days after. If you too are a sandal-lover, but are tired of choosing from less-than-eco-friendly brands, I’ve got some good news.
Gurus Natural Rubber Sandals, a project currently funding on Kickstarter, aims to reincarnate 5,000-year-old ancient Indian sandal design. Made from sustainably-sourced rubber, the sandals mimic those worm by Mahatma Ghandi, and promise to biodegrade quickly when they’re too worn out to wear.
Gurus are the brainchild of Prem Thomas and Joe Choorapuzha, two entrepreneurs who met while working in NYC and later found out that their families grew up on the same street almost 7,500 miles away in Kerala, India.
The footwear they’ve designed is inspired by an ancient wooden methiyedi (meth-ee-yed-ee) sandal, which some believe to be one of the first shoes ever worn by humans. According to the designers, the sandal’s traditional Indian toe post design makes Gurus more comfortable than flip-flops: no more grasping at the sandal with your toes in order to keep it stationary while moving around.
The natural rubber used to make Gurus is hand-harvested from rubber trees in a process that can continue daily for 25 years without harming the tree. This means that if and when the sandals become worn out, they will break down naturally in the landfill. In addition, the company has pledged to plant a tree for every pair sold.
Interested in slipping your foot into a pair? Pre-order via the project’s Kickstarter page.
Unfortunately, I might be experiencing this very concept at the moment. :\ This sucks. Oh, and by the by Mr. Brian Wang, your “advice for better performance” is much easier said than done; and if you’d ever been in a position of poverty yourself, you’d know better than to include your shitty bullet-pointed suggestions. Your last name serves you well.
In a series of experiments run by researchers at Princeton, Harvard, and the University of Warwick, low-income people who were primed to think about financial problems performed poorly on a series of cognition tests, saddled with a mental load that was the equivalent of losing an entire night’s sleep. Put another way, the condition of poverty imposed a mental burden akin to losing 13 IQ points, or comparable to the cognitive difference that’s been observed between chronic alcoholics and normal adults.
Advice for better performance
- do not drink
- get a good nights sleep
- get in an undistracted mental state
What Shafir and his colleagues have identified is not exactly stress. Rather, poverty imposes something else on people that impedes them even when biological markers of stress (like elevated heart rates and blood pressure) aren’t present. Stress can also positively affect us in small quantities. An athlete under stress, for example, may actually perform better. Stress follows a kind of classic curve: a little bit can help, but beyond a certain point, too much of it will harm us.
This picture of cognitive bandwidth looks different. To study it, the researchers performed two sets of experiments. In the first, about 400 randomly chosen people in a New Jersey mall were asked how they would respond to a scenario where their car required either $150 or $1,500 in repairs. Would they pay for the work in full, take out of a loan, or put off the repair? How would they make that decision? The subjects varied in annual income from $20,000 to $70,000.
Before responding, the subjects were given a series of common tests (identifying sequences of shapes and numbers, for example) measuring cognitive function and fluid intelligence. In the easier scenario, where the hypothetical repair cost only $150, subjects classified as “poor” and “rich” performed equally well on these tests. But the “poor” subjects performed noticeably worse in the $1,500 scenario. Simply asking these people to think about financial problems taxed their mental bandwidth.